Project Description

Results:
In men, the HRs (95% CI) of type 2 diabetes independent of age, education, center, physical activity and alcohol, coffee and meat consumption were 1.40 (1.26, 1.55) for former smokers 1.43 (1.27, 1.61) for current smokers In women, associations were weaker, with HRs (95% CI) of 1.18 (1.07, 1.30) for former smokers 1.13 (1.03, 1.25) for current smokers Evidence of effect modification by BMI was noted Association tended to be slightly stronger in normal weight men compared with those with overall adiposity
Conclusion:
Former and current smoking was associated with a higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes compared with never smoking in men and women, independent of educational level, physical activity, alcohol consumption and diet.
Explanation:
Smoking causes diabetes independent of educational level, physical activity, alcohol consumption and diet.