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Diabetics prone to memory decline with age

People suffering from Type 2 diabetes are prone to memory decline and also develop poor decision-making skills as they age, says a research. In just two years, people with Type 2 diabetes experienced negative changes in their ability to regulate blood flow in the brain. It was associated with lower scores on […]

Metabolic profiles and treatment gaps in young-onset type 2 diabetes in Asia (the jade programme): A cross-sectional study of a prospective cohort The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. January 2015

Results:
7481 patients (18%) had young-onset diabetes, with age at diagnosis of mean 32.9 years [SD 5.7] versus 53.9 years [9.0] with late-onset diabetes (n=33 548) Young-onset diabetes patients had longer disease duration (median 10 years [IQR 3-18]) than those with late-onset diabetes (5 years [2-11]) Fewer patients with young-onset diabetes achieved HbA1c concentrations lower […]

Disparities in postpartum follow-up in women with gestational diabetes mellitus Clinical Diabetes December 2014

Results:
A prepregnancy BMI >30 kg/m2 is associated with an increased risk of postpartum diabetes among women with GDM Patients with lower levels of education have higher fasting glucose levels at diagnosis Both, higher fasting glucose and higher prepregnancy BMI are linked to greater postpartum diabetes risk, suggesting that GDM patients least likely to follow […]

Psychological distress, cardiovascular complications and mortality among people with screen-detected type 2 diabetes: Follow-up of the ADDITION- Denmark Trial journal: Diabetes care 2014.

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Results:
Patients with psychological distress compared to those with a Mental Health Inventory (MHI) 5 score of >68, had: – 1.8-fold higher mortality rate – 1.7-fold higher risk of having a CVD event Psychological distress was not associated with the ability to meet: – Treatment targets for HbA1c levels, cholesterol levels or BP – To […]

Exercise snacks before meals: a novel strategy to improve glycaemic control in individuals with insulin resistance Journal: Diabetologia. August 2014

Results:
Exercise Snacking (ES) attenuated mean 3 h postprandial glucose concentration following breakfast (by 1.4 mmol/l, p=0.02). ES was more effective than Continuous Exercise (CONT) following dinner (0.7 mmol/l below CONT; p=0.04) ES also reduced 24 h mean glucose concentration by 0.7 mmol/l (p=0.01) and this reduction persisted for the subsequent 24 h (lower by […]

Smoking and long-term risk of type 2 diabetes: The Epic-Interact study in European populations Diabetes Care. January 2014.

Results:
In men, the HRs (95% CI) of type 2 diabetes independent of age, education, center, physical activity and alcohol, coffee and meat consumption were 1.40 (1.26, 1.55) for former smokers 1.43 (1.27, 1.61) for current smokers In women, associations were weaker, with HRs (95% CI) of 1.18 (1.07, 1.30) for former smokers 1.13 (1.03, […]

1. Breast-feeding and maternal risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study and meta-analysis Journal: Diabetologia. August 2014

Results:
The Hazard ratio for each additional 6 months of breast feeding was 0.73 in European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) -Potsdam. Revealed an inverse association between breastfeeding duration and risk of diabetes Adjustment for BMI and waist circumference attenuated the association . Further controlling for potentially mediating biomarkers largely explained this association […]

Diabetes risk among overweight and obese metabolically healthy young adults Journal: Diabetes Care. December 2014

Results:
The incidence rate of diabetes among participants with no metabolic risk factors was 1.15, 2.10 and 4.34 cases per 1,000 person-years among lean, overweight and obese participants, respectively In a multivariable model adjusted for age, region of origin, family history of diabetes, physical activity, fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride level, HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and […]